Saturday, December 14, 2013
The Colosseum, also called the Flavian Ampitheater, is one of the great works of Roman engineering.
The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 70 AD, and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).
Rev: "December is a good time to go not too crowded. A very pleasant place to go around and staff very helpful Buy a ticket for the week this covers many other sites and is great value."
Although in the 21st century it stays partially ruined because of damage caused by devastating earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and has close connections with the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross" procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum.
Rev: "this is a must see. We didn't hire a guide, but there are many about if you want to. There is a public restroom here, a rare thing in Rome, so take advantage of this."
The Colosseum's original Latin name was Amphitheatrum Flavium, often anglicized as Flavian Amphitheater. The building was constructed by emperors of the Flavian dynasty, following the reign of Nero. This name is still used in modern English, but generally the structure is better known as the Colosseum.
Rev: "You must admire it... You stand in front of this and feel how small you are... The view is nice from all the sides."
The name Colosseum has long been believed to be derived from a colossal statue of Nero nearby (the statue of Nero was named after the Colossus of Rhodes). This statue was later remodeled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Helios (Sol) or Apollo, the sun god, by adding the appropriate solar crown.
Rev: "I know this is one of the main tourist must see's in Rome but it is really well worth a visit. As usual there are the touts outside, they are trying to offer a guided trio on top of the ticket entrance. You can buy a tape recorded device, but there is quite good information in English located around if you can take the time to read."
Rev: "This is definitely something you should see! And I suggest getting a good tour guide. You learn so much! Standing in a structure that has so much history is incredible. Having a good tour guide can really enhance that experience."
Rev: "Visited on a Saturday early afternoon so I was worried that the queue would be huge. It turned out that it wasn't too bad (maybe about 20mins to get to the ticket booths). Definately pay the extra few euro and get a guided tour from the booth. You get access to the reconstructed arena floor section, the underground section and the top tier sections. The tour lasts around 2 hours and really helps to bring the history of the place to life and clears up some common misconceptions introduced through Hollywood etc. I usually dont bother with tours but this one was totally worth the extra few euro!"
Rev: "This was a sight that you really need to be there to describe really how big it is. I really loved seeing everything here. The only word of warning is there are a lot of street sellers around outside, but they are not too pushy, I have experienced worse and if you say no, they generally leave you alone. However, a great place and would recommend it as a must see in Rome. It's not too expensive to get in, and the admission price covers entrance to the Colosseum, the Roman Forum and Palatine, It is a couple of hours at most activity, and we went at night as it looks amazing lit up at night."
Rev: "The guides for groups, for a fraction of the Hotel cost you get basically the same tour: the Colosseum and the Forum. Lot's of walking at the Forum. Concise info given. Time a little tight, but then, you will need more than a month if you truly want to see it all !"
Rev: "Again, I'm writing a late review, as we visited in Feb '10. However Rome is such an amazing place, with so much history. This is only one of several place to be sure to visit. But it truly is amazing how old these structures are (compared to the US)."
Rev: "The Colosseum isn't listed as one of the "Seven Wonders of the World" for nothing. This was our first stop in Rome, and it got our day off to an incredible start. The sense of history walking into the ancient amphitheater for the first time is just overwhelming. What was really interesting is that after it was deserted, it was partially destroyed by earthquakes in the ninth and 13th centuries and Roman builders gutted it of just about all its marble for other construction projects. Some of the original marble flooring and remnants of stone works that weren't hauled off are still scattered all over the interior."
The outer wall is estimated to have required over 100,000 cubic metres of travertine stone which were set without mortar held together by 300 tons of iron clamps.
Rev: "Well worth the money. It's best to buy the combined Palatine Hill and get the tickets from the Palatine Hill. You'll save hours of waiting in line at the Colosseum."
The surviving part of the outer wall's monumental façade comprises three stories of superimposed arcades surmounted by a podium on which stands a tall attic, both of which are pierced by windows interspersed at regular intervals. The arcades are framed by half-columns of the Tuscan, Ionic, and Corinthian orders, while the attic is decorated with Corinthian pilasters. Each of the arches in the second- and third-floor arcades framed statues, probably honoring divinities and other figures from Classical mythology.
Rev: "Book a tour which takes you underground and upstairs, where "normal visitors" don't get. Fantastic place"
Rev: "Visiting the Colosseum was the highlight of my trip! Getting the chance to walk the corridors Romans walked hundreds of years ago was amazing. Our tour guide shared a lot of interesting facts about the place that I was not aware of. There's so much history in this one structure, you can't help but learn a lot during your visit. I'm so happy that I had a chance to visit it!"
It was restructured on numerous occasions; at least twelve different phases of construction can be seen. The Colosseum and its activities supported a substantial industry in the area. In addition to the amphitheatre itself, many other buildings nearby were linked to the games.
Rev: "Great historic place to visit. Particularly easy to see with a Roma Pass. Many stairs, so be prepared to climb but the views are very much worth it."
The Colosseum was used to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events. The shows, called munera, were always given by private individuals rather than the state. They had a strong religious element but were also demonstrations of power and family prestige, and were immensely popular with the population.
Rev: "I toured the outside only - I was told going inside wasn't worth it. I was there in the off season so the crowds weren't crazy and I could just wander around the site on my own in awe!"
Rev: "The Colosseum is probably the most important place to visit in Rome. The fact that it is still there after almost 2000 years is simply outstanding. I suggest buying an audio-video guide to help you get an idea of what it used to be like back then. Gladiators, naval battles, huge crowds, it's breathtaking. And the size is impressive for such an old building. It used to have room for 60000 people, similar to a modern day football stadium. I highly recommend a visit here!"